In 2015 the United Nations adopted 19 June as the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict. Observed annually, the Day aims to raise awareness of the need to put an end to conflict-related sexual violence, to honour the victims and survivors of sexual violence around the world and to pay tribute to all those who have courageously devoted their lives to and lost their lives in standing up for the eradication of these crimes.
On June 20, the world commemorates the strength, courage, and resilience of millions of refugees. First marked in 2001, World Refugee Day is marked by a variety of events worldwide, involving government officials, humanitarian aid workers, celebrities, civilians and the forcibly displaced themselves. Globally, one in every 122 humans is now either a refugee, internally displaced, or seeking asylum. If this were the population of a country, it would be the world's 24th biggest.
The needs and interests of women and girl refugees differ from men and boys, as do their resources, capacities and coping strategies. Specific challenges for women in transit include reproductive health complications and risks of exploitation and gender-based violence. Women and girls, however, are not helpless victims. Humanitarian efforts must recognize the fact that women and girls—like men and boys—have much to contribute in preparing for, and responding to, crises.